Careful quotes place the quantity between 30 and 40.

Careful quotes place the quantity between 30 and 40.

  1. See Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 2:272–73.
  2. See Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 2:277–302. Despite claims that Joseph Smith fathered kiddies within plural wedding, hereditary evaluation has to date been negative, though it will be possible he fathered 2 or 3 young ones with plural spouses. (See Ugo A. Perego, “Joseph Smith, issue of Polygamous Offspring, and DNA Analysis, ” in Newell G. Bringhurst and Craig L. Foster, eds., The Persistence of Polygamy: Joseph Smith in addition to Origins of Mormon Polygamy Independence, MO: John Whitmer Books, 2010, 233–56. )
  3. J. Spencer Fluhman, “A Subject that may Bear Investigation’: Anguish, Faith, and Joseph Smith’s Youngest Plural Wife, ” in Robert L. Millet, ed., No gun Shall Prosper: New Light on Sensitive Issues (Provo and Salt Lake City: Brigham younger University Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, 2011), 104–19; Craig L. Foster, David Keller, and Gregory L. Smith, “The Age of Joseph Smith’s Plural spouses in Social and Demographic Context, ” in Bringhurst and Foster, eds., The Persistence of Polygamy, 152–83.
  4. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Autobiography, 2, Church History Library, Salt Lake City.

  5. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Plural wedding as Taught by the Prophet Joseph: an answer to Joseph Smith, Editor associated with Lamoni (Iowa) “Herald” (Salt Lake City: Juvenile teacher workplace, 1882); Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, the reason We Practice Plural wedding (Salt Lake City: Juvenile teacher workplace, 1884).
  6. Quotes associated with quantity of these sealings cover anything from 12 to 14. (See Todd Compton, In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural spouses of Joseph Smith Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1997, 4, 6; Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:253–76, 303–48. ) For the summary that is early of training, see John A. Widtsoe, “Evidences and Reconciliations: Did Joseph Smith Introduce Plural Marriage? ” Improvement Period 49, no. 11 (Nov. 1946): 766–67.
  7. Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:421–37. Polyandry, the wedding of just one girl to one or more guy, typically involves provided economic, residential, and intimate resources, and kids tend to be raised communally. There’s no proof that Joseph Smith’s sealings functioned in this manner, and evidence that is much against that view.
  8. Rex Eugene Cooper, Promises built to the Fathers: Mormon Covenant Organization (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1990), 138–45; Jonathan A. Stapley, “Adoptive Sealing Ritual in Mormonism, ” Journal of Mormon History 37, no. 3 (Summer Time 2011): 53–117.
  9. For overview of the data, see Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 1:390–96.
  10. Richard Lyman Bushman, Joseph Smith: Rough Rock Rolling (Ny: Knopf, 2005), 440.
  11. See Lorenzo Snow, deposition, usa Testimony 1892 (Temple Lot Case), component 3, p. 124.
  12. The revelation on wedding supplied effective incentives for a wedding performed by priesthood authority. (See Doctrine and Covenants 132:17–19, 63. )
  13. Zina Huntington Jacobs, autobiographical design, Zina Card Brown Family Collection, Church History Library, Salt Lake City; spelling modernized.
  14. The historic record is striking for the absence of criticism discovered among those that had when been Joseph Smith’s plural amateur college porn spouses, although all the spouses left no written record.
  15. Joseph Smith, Journal, Aug. 16, 1842, in Andrew H. Hedges, Alex D. Smith, and Richard Lloyd Anderson, eds., Journals, amount 2: 1841–April 1843, vol. 2 of the Journals series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011), 93–96, available at josephsmithpapers.org; Mary Audentia Smith Anderson, ed., Joseph Smith III and the Restoration (Independence, MO: Herald House, 1952), 85 december.
  16. Jenson, “Historical Record, ” 229–30, 240; Emily Dow Partridge Young, deposition, United States Testimony 1892 (Temple Lot Case), component 3, pp. 365–66, 384; Orson Pratt, in Journal of Discourses, 13:194.
  17. Hales, Joseph Smith’s Polygamy, 2:8, 48–50, 80; Bushman, harsh Stone Rolling, 473.
  18. Doctrine and Covenants 132:54, 64. The caution to Emma Smith also pertains to all whom get sacred ordinances by authority of this priesthood but don’t abide the covenants related to those ordinances. See, as an example, Psalm 37:38; Isaiah 1:28; Acts 3:19–25; and Doctrine and Covenants 132:26, 64.
  19. Doctrine and Covenants 132:61. In Utah, the wife that is first area of the plural wedding ceremony, standing between her spouse therefore the bride and putting the hand regarding the bride into the hand associated with the spouse. “Celestial Wedding, ” The Seer 1 (Feb. 1853): 31.
  20. Doctrine and Covenants 132:65; see also Genesis 16:1–3.
  21. Jacob 2:30.
  22. From the concern of children, see note 6 of “Plural Marriage and Families in Early Utah. ”

  23. Helen Mar Kimball Whitney, Why We Practice Plural Marriage, 23–24.
  24. Heber C. Kimball, Discourse, Sept. 2, 1866, George D. Watt Papers, Church History Library, Salt Lake City, transcribed from Pitman shorthand by LaJean Purcell Carruth.
  25. Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 3:266.
  26. Brigham younger, Discourse, 18, 1865, George D. Watt Papers, Church History Library, Salt Lake City, transcribed from Pitman shorthand by LaJean Purcell Carruth; see also Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 11:128 june.
  27. Orson F. Whitney, lifetime of Heber C. Kimball, an Apostle: the daddy and Founder for the BritishMission (Salt Lake City: Kimball Family, 1888), 338; see additionally Kiersten Olson, “‘The Embodiment of Strength and Endurance’: Vilate Murray Kimball (1806–1867), ” in Women of Faith into the Latter times, Volume One, 1775–1820, ed. Richard E. Turley Jr. And Brittany A. Chapman (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011), 137.
  28. Lucy Walker Kimball, “Brief Biographical Sketch, ” 10–11, Church History Library, Salt Lake City.
  29. Sarah Granger Kimball, for instance, rejected marriage that is plural Nauvoo but came west aided by the Saints. Lots of the people who rejected marriage that is plural including Emma Smith, later on became users of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.
  30. As an example, see “Evidence from Zina D. Huntington-Young, ” Saints’ Herald, Jan. 11, 1905, 29; Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner, “Mary Elizabeth Rollins, ” Susa Young Gates Papers, Utah State Historical community.
  31. Gordon B. Hinckley, “ What Are individuals Asking about Us? ” Ensign, Nov. 1998; “Polygamy, ” Newsroom, subjects web web web page.
  32. Alma 26:35; Doctrine and Covenants 88:41; 1 Nephi 11:17.

The Church acknowledges the share of scholars towards the historical content presented in this specific article; their tasks are combined with authorization.

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